CHEMICAL castration has been touted as a way to prevent convicted paedophiles from harming children.
The medical procedure is understood to suppress sexual urges and stop them from re-offending – but how does it work and how common is it?
What is chemical castration?
Chemical castration is the use of “anaphrodisiac” drugs to lower sexual desire and libido, with minimum treatment lasting three to five years.
It has been trialled in Sweden, Denmark and Canada with evidence from Scandinavia suggesting it can cut re-offending rates from 40 percent to 5 percent.
It is unlike surgical castration, which involves the removal of genitals, and sterilisation in that treatment must be continuous.
“Chemical castration is no longer effective after it is discontinued,” according to NCBI which also notes severe side effects.
Leuprorelin is one of the drugs used to treat difficulties in controlling sexual arousal, intrusive sexual fantasies or urges, sadism or other “dangerous” tendencies.
Other drugs used in chemical castration – medroxyprogesterone acetate, cyproterone acetate, and LHRH – reduce testosterone and estradiol.
Even in men, oestrogen plays an important role in skeletal growth, brain function and the cardiovascular process.
For this reason, side effects include osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, depression, hot flashes and anaemia.
Michael once said he was so scared of his dad Joe he used to vomit when he saw him[/caption]
Was Michael Jackson chemically castrated?
Michael Jackson was allegedly chemically castrated by his dad Joe, according to his doc Conrad Murray.
The late singer’s doctor made the sensational claims in an interview following Joe’s death last month.
Conrad said Joe, who died from cancer, was “cruel” to Michael and his siblings throughout their childhood.
In a clip obtained by The Blast he said: “Joe Jackson was one of the worst fathers to his children in history.
“The cruelty expressed by Michael that he experienced at the hand of his father.
“The fact that he was chemically castrated to maintain his high-pitched voice is beyond words.”
Despite the claims made against Joe following his death, Michael’s son Prince lashed out and defended him.
He posted a video on Instagram and told his followers that Joe had always done right by his children.
Prince said: “So y’all can keep on talking all this s***, saying he abused my dad and all this and you’ll make a YouTube video about it for sure.
“But he raised these kids right, otherwise they would have been in gangs or f***ing dead.”
What does did the former Justice Minister want to do and why?
Ex-Justice Minister Phillip Lee was reported to have asked officials to look at ways of increasing the use chemical castration.
The practising GP wanted to use “an evidence-based approach” to make offenders safe enough to release into society, the Express reported.
It apparently followed the John Worboys scandal in which the High Court had to overturn a decision to grant the convicted paedophile parole.
It raised fears other rapists and sex offenders – 1,000 of whom are on indeterminate sentences – could be released while they still pose a threat..
How common is chemical castration in the UK?
Chemical castration was originally introduced in the UK in 2007 by former Home Secretary John Reid and has had limited use since.
Currently around 120 serious sexual offenders are understood to be on the treatment voluntarily but department officials have said that it could be increased more than tenfold to 1,500.
A record number of paedophiles were chemically castrated in UK prisons last year, the Sun reported in March 2015.
At the time, the Ministry of Justice announced the number of offenders referred for treatment more than doubled to 25.
A total of 92 offenders were treated during a pilot scheme at HMP Whatton, Nottingham, according to the IBTimes.
Prisoners volunteered to take a course of leuprorelin which reduces the their testosterone levels to that of a prepubescent boy.
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What did John Worboys say about chemical castration?
Before it was overturned, rapist John Worboys was approved despite admitting he was still a danger to women.
The fiend allegedly told fellow prisoners that he could only be stopped if he was chemically castrated.
In March 2015 there were around 50,000 registered sex offenders in the UK but that is now understood to be almost 70,000.
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