Poland and the US launched a meeting on Wednesday to “promote a future of peace and security in the Middle East”. According to a press release from the US Department of State, they had received “very positive responses from our parters and allies around the world”. The conference will run from February 13-14.
The press release added: “Dozens of countries expressed their willingness and intention to participate in this constructive dialogue.”
However, the meeting was seen by some as a platform for President Donald Trump and his administration as well as Israel and Saudi Arabia to rally European and Arab support to push their common foe of Iran.
The US looked to use this conference to build an Arab coalition against Iran.
One of the organisers of the summit US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said: “We are going to gather up talk all about the future of Middle East stability and prosperity.”
He added: “We’ll talk about the Middle East peace plan, we’ll talk about counterterrorism. We’ll talk about how these countries can work together
“This is global coalition that is built to deliver on the important mission of reducing the risk that has emanated from the Middle East for far too long.”
Tehran representatives were not invited to the meeting.
On the agenda for the meeting was discussion of “regional crises and their effects on civilians in the Middle East”, “missile development and proliferation”, and “counter extremism and illicit finance”.
After the conference’s second day in Warsaw, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani met Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan in the Black Sea of Sochi.
They met in an attempt to resolve the long standing Syrian conflict.
The Kremlin said in a statement published Monday “further joint steps with a view to a long-term settlement in the Syrian Arab Republic are expected to be discussed”.
Mr Putin was also expected to have separate meetings with Mr Rouhani and Mr Erdogan.
Iran, the US and other Western countries have been in conflict with each other since the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
The revolution posed a West-backed monarch and leadership of a clerical Shiite Muslim.
When Tehran celebrated the 40th anniversary of the uprising the conflict deepened with sanctions posed by Trump’s decision to leave a 2015 nuclear deal.
The deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, was supported by China, the European Union and Russia.
The US backed out of the accord which was signed under former President Barack Obama.
The Trump administration accused Iran of using unfrozen assets to fund militant groups abroad and a ballistic missiles program.
They alleged the funding included paying militant groups in Lebanon, Iraq and Syria – places where Shiite Muslim militias supported government offensives against Sunni Muslim insurgencies.
Al-Qaeda and the Islamic State militant group (ISIS) took over in the region when the US invaded Iraq in 2003.
They then moved to Libya and Syria in 2011 after an uprising which was backed by Washington and their allies.
Both the US and Iran have fought against ISIS, Iraq and Syria but they have opposed each others presence in neighbouring Arab states and other places in the Middle East.