Yesterday Argentinian voters rejected President Mauricio Macri’s harsh austerity programme in favour of the left-wing slate which included former President De Kirchner. In a shock result for the conservative incumbent, Mr Fernandez and Ms De Kirchner took 47 percent of the vote, making them the favourites for October’s election. The likely vice president’s term in office was dominated by a war of words with Britain over the disputed Falkland Islands – but an expert has claimed that it would be a near-impossible task for the new government to take any action.
Dr Daniel Ozarow, Senior Lecturer at Middlesex University and author of “The Mobilization and Demobilization of Middle-Class Revolt: Comparative Insights from Argentina”, told Express.co.uk that there was a great degree of misunderstanding from both governments over the islands’ future.
He added: “After the 1982 war, there was a lot of reflection in Argentina about the Falkland Islands.
“They realised that they would never be able to take back the islands by force.
“Argentina never gave up its sovereignty claim, but the United Nations decolonisation committee obliges Britain and Argentina to sit down and discuss the future of the island.
“An amendment was added to Argentina’s Constitution in 1994 to say that Argentina’s claim to the ‘Malvinas’ could only ever be effected by peaceful means.
“So the Constitution explicitly rules out invasion.”
Earlier this year Ms De Kirchner released an emotional video reiterating her desire to take back the islands, which were relinquished to the British in 1982.
She proclaimed: “Talking about the Falkland Islands, about our sovereignty, about our fighters, cannot be isolated from a global political context.
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“Even if the diplomatic situation ever reached rock bottom, Argentina’s army is totally ill-equipped to mount an invasion or sustain one.
“They wouldn’t be able to do that, or want to, either.”
Argentina unsuccessfully invaded and occupied the Falkland Islands on April 2, 1982, as part of the 74-days-long Falklands War.
Argentinian forces surrendered in June to confirm a British victory that cost almost 1000 lives.
Dr Ozarow suggested that the 1994 constitutional amendment which commits Buenos Aires to protect the islanders’ way of life also reduces the chance of a ‘land grab’.
He said: “There is a fear among the British right that were the Islands ever to return to Argentinian hands or Co-Sovereignty be implemented, that the Falklanders would be thrown out.
“Argentina has promised that the Islanders’ way of life and nationality would be protected.
“The Argentinians are committed to respecting the right to live their way of life and protect them.
“A lot of that fear is exaggerated.”
Mr Fernandez and Ms De Kirchner’s victory shook Argentina’s brittle economy yesterday as political uncertainty ran rife.
The peso lost a fifth of its value as the markets opened after Sunday’s vote and the cost of insuring against debt default soared.
Both Britain and Argentina have laid claim to the island over the past couple of centuries, with the former exercising de facto sovereignty over the archipelago since 1833.