The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) has warned “against all but essential international travel” to Mongolia. This comes as the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia confirmed a case of suspected bubonic plague on Saturday.
As a result, the city of Bayan Nur’s health committee issued an alert in a bid to contain the outbreak.
The third-level alert bans the hunting and eating of animals that could possibly carry the plague.
It also asks that the public report any sick or dead marmots in the area.
The FCO said: “There have been isolated incidents of bubonic plague in some areas of Mongolia, plague is caught by consuming marmot meat.
“The meat is a delicacy in some rural areas although it is illegal to hunt for marmot in Mongolia.
“In travelling through rural areas [in Mongolia], you should avoid marmot meat and take precautionary actions on bubonic plague.”
Last November, four cases of the plague were reported from Inner Mongolia.
Two of the people were infected with pneumonic plague which is reportedly a deadlier case of the plague.
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The bubonic plague, also known as the “Black Death”, killed about 50 million people across Europe, Asia and Africa in the Middle Ages.
It is known as one of the deadliest epidemics in human history.
In 2017, Madagascar saw more than 300 cases of bubonic plague during an outbreak.
The disease can be easily treated with antibiotics.
But left untreated, bubonic plague has a 30-60 percent fatality rate which is the percentage of people who die from the disease compared to the total number of cases.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), patients who catch the deadly disease develop a sudden onset of fever, headache, chills, and painful lymph nodes.
Lymph nodes are small glands that work as filters for harmful substances and become swollen when infected.
When a person is infected with the bubonic plague, the bacteria multiplies in the lymph nodes and spreads to other parts of the body if not treated.
The FCO have warned travellers who go to Mongolia that the standard of healthcare is “variable”, especially outside the country’s capital.
They said: “The quality of local medical supplies is low and some medicines are counterfeit.”