Arthritis is a common condition causing pain, swelling and stiffness of the joints. The condition affects over 10 million people in the UK. The most common type of arthritis is osteoarthritis, followed by rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis is a lifelong condition and has no cure, but symptoms can be improved by making suitable dietary changes. The following three vitamins are essential to joint health and keeping arthritis symptoms under control:
Some evidence has shown vitamin E can help treat arthritis by preventing damage in the cells of the bones and joints.
The essential vitamin may also have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help reduce swelling in people with arthritis.
Vitamin E can be found in plant oils, wheatgerm, sunflower seeds, nuts and avocados.
It can also be taken in supplement form if you don’t get enough vitamin E from food.
Vitamin D is essential for the maintenance of strong and healthy bones, as it regulates the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body.
A lack of vitamin D can lead to both osteoporosis and osteomalacia.
Vitamin D can be sourced from sunlight during the spring and summer, which is usually enough for the body to get adequate levels.
However, UK health officials advise everyone take vitamin D supplements in the autumn and winter when there is not enough sunlight to provide enough of the vitamin.
Low vitamin C intake has been linked with arthritis, according to Versus Arthritis.
Health experts advise you can easily get enough vitamin C by eating five potions of fruit and vegetables per day.
For those who don’t eat enough fruit and vegetables, they may need to take vitamin C supplements.
“Not having enough (a deficiency) of some vitamins and minerals seems to be linked with arthritis progressing more quickly,” said Versus Arthritis.
“As well as having a healthy, balanced diet, getting additional nutrients from food supplements may help if you have arthritis.”
Speak to your GP if you considering taking supplements, and don’t take more than the recommended doses.