ALBERT Einstein slammed Adolf Hitler’s “insanity” which forced him to flee Nazi Germany in newly-discovered letters on sale for £30,000.
In the personal messages, the Jewish mathematician complained of the brutal anti-Semitism which had infested the country following the fascist dictator’s rise to power in 1933.
Einstein praised Jewish resistance in the face of Nazi persecution in the never-before-seen letters[/caption]
Einstein’s cottage was raided and turned it into a Hitler Youth camp, his sailing boat was confiscated and his books were burnt.
The legendary physicist, known for his groundbreaking theory of relativity, was also prevented from working by a ban on Jews from teaching at universities and one German magazine even listed him as an ‘enemy of the German regime’.
In a letter penned to his first wife Mileva on April 17, 1934, Einstein wrote of how the financial woes inflicted on him made it difficult for him to support his son Eduard’s ongoing treatment for schizophrenia.
Einstein, who died in 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey, said that the “Hitler insanity has completely ruined the lives of all those around me.”
He wrote: “I am enclosing a cheque for you to make it easier to pay the bank debts that have become due.
HOUNDED FROM HIS HOME
“I will also reimburse my sister for the expenses that accrue to her from Teitel’s (Eduard’s) and the caregiver’s visit.
“For now, I will not yet send periodical payments for the caregiver.
“I am strained so severely by the various acts of assistance that I have to restrict myself all around in the most extreme way.
“All this is the result of the Hitler insanity, which has completely ruined the lives of all those around me.”
A second letter in the sale, dated June 10, 1939, was written by Einstein to his friend Dr Maurice Lenz, a doctor who had helped Jewish refugees.
The legendary Jewish physicist fled Germany in the 1930s[/caption]
Einstein complained of Hitler’s insanity in the messages which are being auctioned for £30,000[/caption]
In it, Einstein wrote that the Jewish people were facing an “especially severe test” and he praised the doctor for his important contribution rescuing “persecuted Jews from calamitous peril.”
He wrote: “The power of resistance which has enabled the Jewish people to survive for thousands of years has been based to a large extent on traditions of mutual helpfulness.
“In these years of affliction our readiness to help one another is being put to an especially severe test.
“May we stand this test as well as did our fathers before us.
“We have no other means of self-defence than our solidarity and our knowledge that the cause for which we are suffering is a momentous and sacred cause.
“It must be a source of deep gratification to you to be making so important a contribution toward rescuing our persecuted fellow Jews from their calamitous peril and leading them toward a better future.”
What is Albert Einstein's theory of relativity?
- Einstein’s Special Theory of Relativity transformed scientists’ understanding of space and time.
- Special Relativity, published in 1905, proposed the universe as a four-dimensional place where things happen in “space and time”.
- This contested notions of a three-dimensional world, where time ticks away independently of space.
- In his later General Theory of Relativity, revealed in 1916, shows introduced gravity as the “warping” of space-time.
- Gravity Probe B spent a year in orbit around the Earth measuring the warping of space-time caused by the Earth.
- He said clocks would run more slowly in intense gravitational fields near very massive objects.
- Light light, normally assumed to travel in perfectly straight lines, would follow the curve of warped space-time.
The letters have been consigned for sale by a private collector with US based auction house Nate D Sanders.
A Nate D Sanders spokesperson said: “The letter to Mileva has extraordinary content both regarding Hitler and also Eduard’s illness shortly after his diagnosis.
“His letter to Dr Maurice Lenz also has moving content regarding helping Jewish refugees.
“In both letters, Einstein remarked about the Nazis and how they’ve affected the lives of the Jewish people and people he knew personally.
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“He wrote to about the Jewish people’s perseverance over thousands of years, but warned they were facing their toughest test with the Nazi regime.
“Einstein poignantly remarked how many lives around him have been ruined.”
The letter to Minerva, who Einstein was married to from 1903 to 1919, is valued at £19,000, while the letter to Dr Maurice Lenz is expected to fetch £9,000.
The timed auction ends on Thursday.
The first letter was written to Einstein’s wife while the second was sent to a friend and doctor who helped Jewish refugees[/caption]
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