This year was the hottest summer on record for England, with average temperatures narrowly beating those seen in 1976.
But despite the weeks-long heatwaves, 2018 was only the joint-hottest summer on record for the UK as a whole, the Met Office has said.
UK temperatures for June to August 2018 reveal that this year is top of the league table in records dating back to 1910, along with 2006, 2003 and 1976, all of which are within 0.03C of each other.
To the nearest 0.1C, all four years – 2018, 2006, 2003 and 1976 – saw an average temperature for the summer of 15.8C (60.4F).
Summer 2018 was notably dry and sunny too, although the dry, sweltering conditions seen in much of the country in June and July gave way to a much more average August, the Met Office said.