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Turkey’s Erdogan calls for border treaty review in Greece visit

He is the first Turkish head of state to visit Greece in 65 years but walked straight into a row.

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The first visit to Greece by a Turkish head of state in 65 years has got off to a tense start, with President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his host swapping pointed remarks.

Mr Erdogan said the 1923 treaty that settled Turkey’s borders after World War One was not being applied fairly.

But Greek President Prokopis Pavlopoulos rejected any change to the Treaty of Lausanne.

Relations between the two Nato members have been uneasy for decades.

What is the source of the tensions?

Many issues. Long-standing disputes over uninhabited islands in the Aegean brought both countries to the brink of war in 1996.

They have also failed to reach a peace deal in divided Cyprus – the north of the island was invaded by Turkey in 1974 in response to a Athens-backed military coup.

Image copyright Getty Images Image caption The buffer zone divides the Greek south of Cyprus from the Turkish north

Turkey also says the rights of the Muslim minority of Turkish origin in north-eastern Greece are not being respected. In Athens, Mr Erdogan said they were not allowed to chose their own legal expert, or mufti, with the role instead being appointed by Greece.

The Turkish government is also unhappy with Greece’s Supreme Court decision that blocked the extradition of eight Turkish soldiers who fled to the country after allegedly participating in last year’s failed coup.

Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionTurkey’s Gulen supporters seek refuge in Greece

Meanwhile, Greece complains that Turkey has repeatedly violated its air and naval space.

But tensions between these neighbours date back to the 1830s when Greece won its independence from the Ottoman Empire.

What’s happening with the visit?

The blunt exchange over the Treaty of Lausanne happened on the first of a two-day visit by the Turkish leader, during their joint press conference.

Mr Erdogan claimed that the treatment of Muslims in Greece showed that Athens was failing to adhere to the treaty.

“The necessary support is not being provided to them in terms of investments… and there is discrimination going on,” he said, complaining also that some points of the treaty needed clarity.

Responding to that, Mr Pavlopoulos – one of Greece’s foremost law experts – said: “This treaty, to us, is not negotiable, this treaty does not have any gaps, does not need a review nor an update. This treaty is valid as it is.”

The visit, described by Mr Erdogan as “historic”, comes amid a strong security operation, with hundreds of officers being deployed.

Both governments hope the visit will mark a new chapter in bilateral relations, with joint infrastructure projects being signed off, the BBC’s Mark Lowen in Athens reports.

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South Africa’s ANC party leadership vote: Counting under way

Delegates are selecting a replacement for Jacob Zuma as head of South Africa’s ruling party.

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Votes are being counted in a leadership election for South Africa’s ruling African National Congress (ANC), currently run by President Jacob Zuma.

About 5,000 delegates cast their votes in a bitterly fought race between Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and ex-minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma.

Emotions have run high, with delegates shouting each other down as they raised objections over voting rules.

The ANC has governed South Africa since it attained democracy 23 years ago.

The eventual winner will be in a strong position to become national president after elections in 2019.

But the leadership battle has caused fierce political infighting, raising fears the party may split before then.

Mr Zuma has warned the party is under threat and at a “crossroads”.

Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionWhat advice should South Africa’s ruling party take on board?

Thousands of delegates have attended the four-day ANC elective conference at the Expo Centre in Johannesburg.

Many there are saying there could be just the smallest of margins between winning and losing when the results come in, says the BBC’s Lebo Diseko at the conference.

The leadership contest is conducted in secret, and legal challenges are possible.

The result was originally expected on Sunday.

Image copyright AFP Image caption There was a fractious atmosphere as delegates disputed voting procedures

But proceedings were delayed as claims that bogus delegates had been accredited and real delegates barred were resolved.

A BBC correspondent there said voting on Sunday was brought to a stop with what seemed like most of the room singing in support for Ms Dlamini-Zuma, who is President Zuma’s ex-wife.

Unlike on Saturday, it was difficult to hear any counter singing in support of Mr Ramaphosa.

The party had said that anyone singing “divisive” songs would be thrown out, but there was little sign of that.

President Zuma, who has been in power since 2009, is expected to remain in power until the 2019 national elections. The country limits presidents to two five-year terms.

The 75-year-old has been at the heart of much of the controversy surrounding the ANC party. He currently faces numerous corruption allegations but denies any wrongdoing, having already survived several votes of no confidence in parliament during is presidency.

He is backing his 68-year-old former wife, Ms Dlamini-Zuma, a veteran politician in her own right, who has been critical of the enduring power of white-owned businesses. They have been divorced for almost 20 years and had four children together.

A former leader of the women’s wing of the ANC, Ms Dlamini-Zuma has served as foreign, home and health minister in government.

Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionThe ANC was the party of Nelson Mandela but have people lost faith under Jacob Zuma?

Her economic agenda is very different to main opponent, the country’s deputy president, Cyril Ramaphosa, who is one of the country’s wealthiest men and a former leading trade unionist.

Mr Ramaphosa, 65, has spoken out strongly against state corruption and has the backing of the business community.

Recent news that he had a modest lead in the polls was quickly reflected by a rise in the financial markets.

Image copyright Reuters Image caption Mr Zuma is expected to stay as President until the 2019 election, despite the vote

In his final speech as party leader at Saturday’s conference opening, Mr Zuma denounced the party’s “petty squabbling” during the leadership battle.

Last year’s disappointing results for the ANC in local elections, he said, “were a stark reminder that our people are not happy with the state of the ANC”.

In the speech he asserted that “theft and corruption” were as prominent in the private sector as they are in government. He added that “being black and successful is being made synonymous to being corrupt”.

He lashed out at the media, which he said was not “impartial and fair”. He also targeted the judiciary, arguing that the courts should have no role in deciding internal party matters.

The party has overwhelmingly won every victory since the country transitioned to democracy in 1994 under Nelson Mandela, and the end of white-minority rule. But it polled only 54% in last year’s local elections, its worst result since taking power.

The BBC’s Andrew Harding says a question remains whether the ANC is in terminal decline, and what that might mean for South Africa’s stability and its future.

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Jay-Z brings cancer survivor on stage

The rapper halts his show in California after spotting a fan’s sign in the audience.

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Jay-Z halted his show in California on Saturday to bring a young fan onstage after learning she had beaten cancer not once, but twice.

The rapper paused to read Christina Cruz’s home-made sign, which said: “I Beat Cancer 2X 2 C U! I LOVE U!!! SELFIE OR HUG?”

“You beat cancer twice?” the star said. “I gotta give you at least a hug.”

He then brought the woman up on stage and posed for several photos with her, as the crowd cheered.

“This is exactly who my message was for,” he told the audience.

Throughout the weekend, Christina took to social media to recount the “best night” of her life.

Image copyright Christina Cruz / Instagram Image caption The pair embraced several times before Jay-Z resumed his concert

“I can’t believe he pulled me on stage and I got to hug him not once but twice!” she said on her Instagram account, which has since been made private.

“Truly a dream come true!! Thank you Jay-Z!”

The star is nearing the end of his tour, which has criss-crossed the US since October.

His latest album, 4:44 was recently nominated for eight Grammys, including album of the year, record of the year and song of the year, for the title track.

Introducing that track in California, the star called it “the most uncomfortable song I’ve ever written”.

The lyrics address his infidelity – which also informed his wife Beyonce’s last album, Lemonade.

“Look, I apologise, often womanise,” he raps on the track. “Took for my child to be born, see through a woman’s eyes.”

After playing the song at the Oakland arena on Saturday, the New York native told the audience: “I swear Oakland is just like Brooklyn, I feel at home here.”

Follow us on Facebook, on Twitter @BBCNewsEnts, or on Instagram at bbcnewsents. If you have a story suggestion email entertainment.news@bbc.co.uk.

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South Africa’s ANC party choosing leader in marathon vote

Delegates are selecting a replacement for Jacob Zuma as head of South Africa’s ruling party.

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Thousands of delegates are voting in Johannesburg for a successor to President Jacob Zuma as leader of South Africa’s ruling African National Congress (ANC).

The vote began in the early hours of Monday and is still going on.

The choice is between Deputy President Cyril Ramaphosa and former cabinet minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma.

Emotions have run high, with delegates shouting each other down as they raised objections over voting rules.

The eventual winner will be in a strong position to become national president after elections in 2019.

But the leadership battle has caused fierce political infighting, raising fears the party may split before then.

Mr Zuma has warned the party is under threat and is at a “crossroads”.

Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionWhat advice should South Africa’s ruling party take on board?

It has been in power since the country transitioned to democracy in 1994 under Nelson Mandela.

More than 5,000 delegates are taking part in the four-day ANC elective conference at the Expo Centre in Johannesburg.

Many there are saying there could be just the smallest of margins between winning and losing when the results come in, says the BBC’s Lebo Diseko at the conference.

The leadership contest is done in secret and is expected to be close, with legal challenges a possibility.

The result was originally expected on Sunday.

Image copyright AFP Image caption There was a fractious atmosphere as delegates disputed voting procedures

But proceedings were delayed as claims that bogus delegates had been accredited and real delegates barred were resolved.

A BBC correspondent there said voting was brought to a stop with what seemed like most of the room singing in support for Ms Dlamini-Zuma, who is President Zuma’s ex-wife. And unlike on Saturday, it was difficult to hear any counter singing in support of Mr Ramaphosa.

The party had said that anyone singing “divisive” songs would be thrown out, but there was little sign of that.

President Zuma, who has been in power since 2009, is expected to remain in power until the 2019 national elections. The country limits presidents to two five-year terms.

The 75-year-old has been at the heart of much of the controversy surrounding the ANC party. He currently faces numerous corruption allegations but denies any wrongdoing, having already survived several votes of no confidence in parliament during is presidency.

He is backing his 68-year-old former wife, Ms Dlamini-Zuma, a veteran politician in her own right, who has been critical of the enduring power of white-owned businesses. They have been divorced for almost 20 years and had four children together.

A former leader of the women’s wing of the ANC, Ms Dlamini-Zuma has served as foreign, home and health minister in government.

Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionThe ANC was the party of Nelson Mandela but have people lost faith under Jacob Zuma?

Her economic agenda is very different to main opponent, the country’s deputy president, Cyril Ramaphosa, who is one of the country’s wealthiest men and a former leading trade unionist.

Mr Ramaphosa, 65, has spoken out strongly against state corruption and has the backing of the business community.

Recent news that he had a modest lead in the polls was quickly reflected by a rise in the financial markets.

Image copyright Reuters Image caption Mr Zuma is expected to stay as President until the 2019 election, despite the vote

In his final speech as party leader at Saturday’s conference opening, Mr Zuma denounced the party’s “petty squabbling” during the leadership battle.

Last year’s disappointing results for the ANC in local elections, he said, “were a stark reminder that our people are not happy with the state of the ANC”.

In the speech he asserted that “theft and corruption” were as prominent in the private sector as they are in government. He added that “being black and successful is being made synonymous to being corrupt”.

He lashed out at the media, which he said was not “impartial and fair”. He also targeted the judiciary, arguing that the courts should have no role in deciding internal party matters.

The party has overwhelmingly won every victory since 1994, when democratic elections where everyone could vote brought the end to white-minority rule. But it polled only 54% in last year’s local elections, its worst result since taking power.

The BBC’s Andrew Harding says a question remains whether the ANC is in terminal decline, and what that might mean for South Africa’s stability and its future.

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