IF collapses and stops breathing near you, would you know what to do?
Basic first aid skills can be the difference between life and death before medical help arrives, so it’s vital you know what to do in a crisis.
Getty – Contributor If you know how to act in an emergency you could save someone’s life
“It’s really important to learn first aid, we are not asking people to make things complicated or become doctors or paramedics,” Tracey Taylor, from the British Red Cross told The Sun Online.
“It’s about learning a few simple skills so you can act in that situation and know that you have done the best possible thing to help.
“Nobody knows when they might need first aid, a lot of situation are very quick and very sudden and you need to be able to think on your feet and act quickly and calmly.”
Here we reveal what you need to know, in the case of seven different types of emergency…
Bleeding heavily? First Aid skills you need to know to save someone’s life
1. Bleeding heavily
If someone has had an accident or cut themselves badly, the first thing you need to do is apply pressure to the wound to help stop the bleeding.
You can use whatever is around, a jumper, a blanket, a towel, to apply firm pressure to create a plug to slow the bleeding.
The next step is to call 999 and continue holding pressure on the wound until help arrives.
“Whatever you’ve got to hand, whether that is a T-shirt or a scarf or a towel can be used to apply really firm pressure on the wound to stop the bleeding,” Tracey said.
“It is really important to stop them losing too much blood.
“It is a life-threatening injury and if people don’t apply pressure then someone could die.”
Unresponsive and not breathing? First Aid skills you need to know to save someone’s life
2. Collapsed and not breathing
If someone is unresponsive and not breathing you need to call 999 as soon as possible and begin CPR.
The most likely cause of this is a cardiac arrest.
A cardiac arrest, also known as cardiopulmonary arrest, happens when your heart suddenly stops pumping blood around your body – and is different from a heart attack.
KNOW THE DIFFERENCE What is the difference between cardiac arrest and a heart attack? The definitions, symptoms, signs and what to do
Someone who has had a cardiac arrest will collapse unconscious.
Their breathing will be irregular, and may stop, and they will be unresponsive.
To begin CPR place the heel of your hand in the centre of the person’s chest, then place your other hand on top and interlock your fingers.
Make sure you have positioned your body so your shoulders are directly above your hands.
Begin compression using your body weight, pushing about 2 – 2.5 inches into their chest.
Getty – Contributor If someone is having a cardiac arrest they will collapse unconscious and their breathing may stop
Repeat at a rate of 100 to 120 times per minute.
If you have trouble keeping pace, do the compressions to the tune of the Bee Gee’s song Stayin’ Alive to keep time in your head.
If you know how to, and are comfortable doing so, you can also perform rescue breaths at the rate of two breaths to every 30 compressions.
Keep going until help arrives.
“You need to get help on its way as quickly as possible and you can start doing chest compressions,” Tracey said.
“And if you are in a public place you could find the automated external defibrillator (AED) to help the person.
“AEDs are becoming much more common in public places like leisure centres, train stations, shopping centres and places like that.”
Heart attack: First Aid skills you need to know to save someone’s life
3. Suspected heart attack
In contrast to a cardiac arrest, a heart attack is when one of the coronary arteries becomes blocked.
The heart muscle is then robbed of vital oxygenated blood, which if left untreated, can cause the heart muscle to begin to die.
Like a cardiac arrest, a heart attack is a life-threatening emergency.
You need to call 999 immediately.
You should also make sure the person is comfortable and try to keep them calm while the ambulance arrives.
“A lot of people get mixed up between a heart attack and a cardiac arrest,” Tracey said.
“If someone is having a heart attack then that can lead to cardiac arrest but in the first stages they will be presenting as someone who is still awake and still talking.
“But they may have really severe chest pain that can go up into their jaw, down their and into their stomach, they might also be very pale and sweaty.
“If you suspect someone is having a heart attack get them to sit down and rest while you call for an ambulance.
“While help is on it’s way try to keep them calm.”
Choking? First Aid skills you need to know to save someone’s life
If someone is choking they may clutch their throat or chest while gasping for air.
They won’t be able to speak to tell you what is wrong, so you have to act quickly.
Stand behind them and bend them forward before giving them five firm blows between the shoulder blades, known as back blows, to try and dislodge whatever is choking them.
If this doesn’t work you need to try the Heimlich manoeuvre.
HARD TO SWALLOW How to perform the Heimlich manoeuvre on YOURSELF to save your own life
Place your arms around the choking person from behind, and pull upwards and inwards on the abdomen below the ribcage.
The pressure from this movement can force out whatever is blocking the airway, allowing the patient to breathe again.
Recent research has also suggested that a person can perform the Heimlich manoeuvre on themselves.
Call 999 if the object doesn’t shift and continue using back blows and the Heimlich manoeuvre until an ambulance arrives.
“Back blows creates a vibration within their airway which will hopefully push the object that they are choking on out,” Tracey explained.
“The back blows need to be firm so there is enough force to generate that vibration within the airway.
“If it is a small child you would moderate the amount of force you are using.”
WHAT TO DO IF YOUR BABY IS CHOKING
Step 1. Give your baby five back blows
Hold your baby face down, resting them along your thigh with their head lower than their bottom.
Hit them firmly on their back between the shoulder blades up to five times.
If back blows don’t dislodge the object, move on to step two.
Step 2. Give up to five chest thrusts
Turn your baby over so they are facing upwards and place two fingers in the middle of their chest just below the nipples.
Push sharply downwards up to five times.
Step 3. Call 999 if the object does not dislodge
And continue with cycles of back blows and chest thrusts until the blockage clears or help arrives.
5. Unresponsive but breathing
If someone passes out in front of you the first thing you should do is check to see if they are still breathing.
You can do this by tilting their head back and feeling for breaths.
If they are breathing you need to move them onto their side and tilt their head back to open their airways.
You should also check that nothing is obstructing their airways.
Call 999 as soon as you can and wait with them while help arrives.
“It is really important to get them in a position where their airway is clear, on their side is perfect because their tongue will fall forward and anything in their mouth will drain out,” Tracey said.
“While they are in that position you should be reassuring them and talking to them even if they can’t hear you and keep checking their breathing until help gets to you.”
Unresponsive and breathing: First Aid skills you need to know to save someone’s life
6. Taken a fall
If you or a loved one trip over, and suffer a sprain or strain, first things first – apply an ice pack.
This could be a bag of frozen veggies, just remember to wrap it in a tea towel.
This will help reduce the swelling and pain.
If you suspect it’s more than a strain or sprain, and could be broken, it’s important to seek medical advice.
“Falls are a very common reason why over 65s hurt themselves and end up having to go to hospital,” Tracey explained.
“There are different things that can be caused by falls, depending on how they have fallen.
“If we are talking about a broken bone, the key thing to look out for is pain in the limb, the limb might be a different shape or they can’t move or bend it, and also swelling and bruising.
“They key thing is broken bones are difficult to diagnose without an x-ray, so if you are unsure treat it like a broken bone until you can get to hospital.”
Getty – Contributor If someone has burned themselves you need to run the injury under cold running water for at least 10 minutes
First things first, cool the burn under cold running water for at least ten minutes.
If you’re out and don’t have water on hand, you can use any cold liquid, think milk, orange juice, even a fizzy drink.
Then loosely wrap the burn in some cling film, or a clean plastic bag.
This will reduce the pain and help prevent infection.
If your baby or child has been burned, seek medical attention straight away.
Red Wine Health Benefits – Is A Glass Or Two A Day Really Good For You, Does It Contain Iron And Should I Drink It Before Bed?
FOR some, a glass of red wine is the ultimate tipple, and it shows no signs of losing popularity, as there have been numerous scientists gushing that the drink may actually carry health benefits.
But what are those benefits, and is it true? Here’s the lowdown.
Getty – Contributor Red wine is full of antioxidants that can prevent certain illnesses
Is a glass or two a day really good for you?
Obviously, everyone is aware that excess binge drinking is damaging to your health.
However, a small quantity of red wine has actually found to have health benefits, such as decreasing the risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke, due to its antioxidants.
Recent research in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry has also indicated that the drink contains compound known as polyphenols that fight tooth decay and gum disease.
Also, researchers at the Harvard Medical School found that resveratrol in wine activates a protein that acts as an anti-aging agent, improving your life span.
Getty – Contributor Enjoying a glass or two in moderation can actually carry health benefits
Does it contain iron?
Iron is important to incorporate in a healthy diet, and is normally found in red meat, pulses, and vegetables.
Red wine contains tannins, which inhabit your body’s ability to absorb iron, so if you’re wanting to boost your intake, avoid pairing it iron rich foods.
Beauty Therapist Warns Ingredient Found In Radox Muscle Soak ‘could Induce Early Labour’
A BEAUTY therapist is warning pregnant women to avoid using a popular brand of bath soap because it contains ingredients that could trigger early labour.
Hayley Wright claims Radox muscle soak contains an essential oil called clary sage, which is believed to increase childbirth hormone,oxytocin, in the body.
An ingredient found in Radox muscle soak is believed to induce labour
But the products makers, Unilever, insist the bath soak is safe for use and is “thoroughly assessed to ensure they meet our high quality and safety standards” before being sold.
Oxytocin is a hormone produced naturally by the brain that plays a role in pain relief, childbirth and breastfeeding.
It is the hormone that helps trigger labour and speeds up contractions.
But there is no scientific evidence that clary sage stimulates oxytocin and therefore induces labour.
Getty – Contributor Clary sage, found in the muscle soak, is thought to increase oxytocin levels in the body, which can induce labour
Hayley posted the warning on her Facebook page, saying: “Clary Sage is an excellent pain killer but it should never be used during pregnancy especially during the first and second trimesters as it actually has the power to induce labour.
“There is not one warning label on this bottle that says ‘do not use during pregnancy’.
“I am going to report this to the company but in the mean time I’d appreciate people passing on this message to any pregnant ladies out there as this could cause some serious problems during pregnancy.”
Hayley added that she was not claiming the muscle soak alone would trigger early labour, just that it was something pregnant women should be aware of.
Not known, clear with picture desk Clary sage is an essential oil that is believed to induce labour, but there is no scientific evidence to suggest it works
A description of the bath soak on the products website says “aching muscles find relief in the enlivening mix of clary sage and sea minerals”.
Clary sage is an essential oil that is believed to have antiseptic, pain relieving properties.
It is commonly used as a natural remedy for inducing labour and also aiding the respiratory, muscular and uterine systems while a woman is giving birth.
Several websites suggest that clary sage can be used to induce labour through inhaling the essential oil either in a bowl of steaming water or sniffing it on cotton pads.
But it is not a recognised medical treatment and, as with all natural therapies, it should be treated with caution as it has not undergone the same scientific testing medicinal treatments have to undergo.
There are some scientific studies that acknowledge that clary sage has been linked to increasing levels of oxytocin in the body.
Getty – Contributor Oxytocin is a hormone produced naturally by the brain that helps trigger labour and contractions
But they all conclude that there is no evidence to suggest it triggers labour.
And Dr Sarah Jarvis, GP and clinical director of Patient.info, agrees that the essential oil is highly unlikely to induce labour.
“Theoretically, it may increase oxytocin and stimulate contractions,” she told The Sun Online.
“But the studies are extremely limited and I certainly won’t be recommending it to my patients as a way to induce labour.”
Dr Jarvis said the muscle soak was unlikely to pose any risk to mums-to-be.
“If you wanted to be 100 per cent safe then it is probably worth avoiding,” she added.
Dr Jarvis said the theory behind clary sage inducing labour is that it might increase oxytocin levels in the body – the hormone that triggers childbirth.
“Oxytocin is produced during labour, or for induction of labour, and basically it increase contractions,” she said.
Essential Oils In Soaps And Shampoos Could Be Giving You Man Boobs
BOYS, listen up – essential oils found in soaps and shampoos could be giving you man boobs.
Lavender oil and tea tree oil have hormone disrupting chemicals that mimic oestrogen and block testosterone, new research suggests.
Getty – Contributor Essential oils found in soaps and shampoos could be giving you man boobs
The oils are popular in different soaps, shampoos, lotions, hair styling products, cologne and laundry detergents.
They are also used in aromatherapy and alternative treatments including tea tree oil for acne or lavender oil for sleep problems.
But while they might smell nice it could be giving men an unwanted side effect – moobs.
Researchers at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health, looked at eight chemicals found in lavender and tea tree oil and found all of them promoted the production of oestrogen and inhibiting testosterone.
Getty – Contributor High levels of oestrogen in the body can give you man boobs
Lead investigator J. Tyler Ramsey said: “Our society deems essential oils as safe.
“However, they possess a diverse amount of chemicals and should be used with caution because some of these chemicals are potential endocrine disruptors.”
He suggested the chemicals found in the oils were consistent with hormonal changes that could stimulate the growth of breasts in men.
“Lavender oil and tea tree oil pose potential environmental health concerns and should be investigated further,” he added.
Getty – Contributor The oils are popular in different soaps, shampoos, lotions, hair styling products, cologne and laundry detergents
But it is not just lavender and tea tree oil that contain hormone-disrupting chemicals.
Ramsey believes as many as 65 other oils could contain the chemicals, which requires further investigation.
UNDER THE KNIFE Shocking photos reveal the embarrassing reality of ‘MOOBS’ – as more men opt to have ‘moob jobs’ to fix their man boobs
So you best check the ingredients of your soaps and shampoos before using them, boys.
Man boobs, or “moobs”, are usually caused by a medical condition called gynecomastia.
It can be caused by a hormone imbalance or a build up of fatty tissue around the breast area.
The most common hormone imbalance that causes moobs is too much oestrogen.
Getty – Contributor High levels of oestrogen in a man’s body can also lead to erectile dysfunction
High levels of oestrogen in men can also lead to a reduced sex drive and impotence.
That’s because the hormone starts to outweigh testosterone, the male sex hormone.
Testosterone is responsible for a man’s libido, muscle mass, sperm production and keeps the tissue in the penis in working order.
Men with low testosterone levels often experience erectile dysfunction, which can also lead to a range of other illnesses including depression and anxiety.
A healthy balance of oestrogen and testosterone levels in the body is required for a man to get and maintain an erection.
World5 days ago
New York Shooting In Brooklyn Leaves Toddler And Three Others Dead
Travel2 weeks ago
Where Is The Rejuvenation Clinic In Sardinia? Health Retreat Featuring In 100 Years Younger In 21 Days Revealed
Sports2 weeks ago
Who Is Simon Hunt? Ex England Rugby International Appearing On Seven Year Switch
Living2 weeks ago
Who Was Estefania Gutierrez Lazaro, How Did She Die And Did She Inspire Netflix Horror Movie Veronica?
Travel2 weeks ago
Where Is The Rejuvenation Clinic In Sardinia? Health Retreat In Arbatax Featuring In 100 Years Younger In 21 Days
Tv & Show2 weeks ago
Oscars 2018 Red Carpet Sees Ansel Elgort’s Girlfriend Violetta Komyshan Suffer Awkward Nipple Flash
Tv & Show2 weeks ago
Newly-single Married At First Sight Star Richard Is Bombarded With Date Offers After Deciding To Divorce Wife Harriet
Tv & Show2 weeks ago
Who Are Harriet And Richard On Married At First Sight And Are The Couple Still Together?