THERE has been an alarming spike in acid attacks on the streets of Britain – and the vicious crime can cause catastrophic and life-changing injuries.
As the threat persists, it is important to know the first aid dos and DON’Ts, if you find yourself aiding a victim. Here’s all you need to know.
Universal News (Europe) Resham Khan was doused in acid on her 21st birthday – and now she wants the government to do more to crack down on attackers
How should you treat acid burns?
The most important thing you can do in the event of an acid attack is to douse the victim in running water, rather than a wet cloth.
The water dilutes the acid, and so it’s important to keep refreshing with new, clean water, as quickly as possible.
New NHS England guidance Report, Remove, Rinse instructs anyone who comes across a victim how to help.
Dr Adrian Boyle, a spokesman for the Royal College of Emergency Medicine, said it is important people rushing to help victims of acid attacks do not become secondary victims themselves.
Getty Images The most important thing you can do in the event of an acid attack is douse the victim’s wounds in fresh, running water for as long as possible
He told The Sun Online: “It is vital to get across that people don’t become secondary victims.
“If you see someone exposed to acid don’t try and brush it off with your hands, or you’ll end up burned yourself.
“If the substance is in powder form just brush it off, using a piece of clothing to protect your skin.”
And it’s not just acidic liquids that are used in attacks – very alkaline substances can be used too.
Dr Boyle added: “Alkaline powders that get wet can suddenly start to react.”
His three-step plan is to, first and foremost avoid becoming a secondary victim, call for help and dial 999, and if water is available, use it to dilute the acid.
Campaign group Stop Acid Attacks advise people follow these guidelines, in the event they are victim of, or witness an acid attack:
Immediately rinse the affected area with fresh water or saline (saltwater) solution – always make sure this source is uncontaminated Keep washing the burned body part with cool water until the pain begins to subside. This can take around 45 minutes Take off any clothes/jewellery that have made contact with the acid As tempting as it is to add cream to give some relief, this could affect the treatment prescribed by doctors If possible, loosely wrap the burn area in sterilised gauze, which helps prevent the wound from contamination After hospital treatment, patients are advised to stick to a strict aftercare regime – which includes changing dressings on a regular basis In serious cases, doctors may prescribe physiotherapy for victims whose nervous system has been affected by the burn Others will be offered skin grafts to help reduce symptoms and cosmetic signs of the attack As acid assaults are traumatic, patients may also be advised to seek counselling
What should you NOT do in the event of an acid attack?
You may think milk could act as a soothing remedy, in the event of an acid burn, but experts advise it’s a bad idea.
Milk is generally alkaline, though as it goes off it becomes more acidic.
When alkaline milk comes into contact with acid it will cause an exothermic reaction, which creates more heat and can do more damage.
Plus, milk could increase the risk of infection.
So, always, always stick to running water – and lots of it.
Resham is rebuilding her life after being struck with acid – which left burns covering her body
How common are acid attacks in Britain?
A Sun investigation revealed that the UK is being hit by an alarming rise in acid attacks – with two victims burned every day.
The increase is being fuelled by gangs switching from using knives and guns to try to avoid tougher sentences if caught.
Police figures show that there were 454 victims last year — up from 261 in 2015.
But the true number may be more than 700, according to charity Acid Survivors Trust International.
And we also reported on the horrific news that two men carried out five brutal acid attacks within a terrifying 90 minute spree in London.
These brutal assaults follow the release of a moving open letter, which was penned by aspiring model and acid attack victim Resham Khan.
It has also been reported that a female paramedic working in London also had chemicals thrown into her face as she responded to a 999 call.
Meanwhile, another Sun investigation revealed that a 15-year-old was still able to buy acid in shops in East London, despite shop keepers being urged not to sell to those under 21.
Twitter / @sarah_cobbold Five brutal attacks were carried out in 90 MINUTES in Hackney Road and surrounding areas
What should you do if you witness an acid attack?
Ring 999 immediately if you witness or are caught up in an acid attack.
Until medical assistance are on the scene, follow the Stop Acid Attacks guide to help alleviate the painful effects.
The emergency services call operator should also give you advice on how to deal with the situation.
Arthur Collins, ex-boyfriend of reality TV star Ferne McCann, guilty of acid attack at London club
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WHETHER it’s the eye-catching sparkles or bold colours, Poppy Lissiman’s collection of shades are sure to turn heads.
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How To Look Like Spice Girl Mel C, 44, Who Is Far From Sporty In This Pretty Floral Flock
BACK in the ‘90s, Mel C was never seen in anything other than her infamous sporty attire.
But since then, the singer has spiced up her life – or at least, her wardrobe.
Rex Features Mel C, 44, is far from sporty in this pretty floral flock
The star opted for a beautiful Rixo London dress and simple accessories for her latest outfit choice – and she looks stunning.
Here, Fabulous’ fashion team give their verdict on her updated look…
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Spring To It With The Latest Colourful Trends And Simple Designs For Your Nails
GET ready for spring with these colourful designs for your fingertips.
We share advice for how to achieve these Instagram-ready looks and where to get the supplies.
Stuart Francis We went for a mix of leaves and petals to brighten up this sophisticated, floral design
Naked nail art (that’s a design on a bare tip, FYI) was the order of the day at Creatures of Comfort’s S/S ‘18 show and we loved the graphic leaves on nude bases giving just a hint of colour to a plain nail tip.
Inspired by spring blooms, we went for a mix of leaves and petals to brighten up this sophisticated, floral design.
“To prevent the nail looking dull, apply a base coat with a slight sheen – French manicure polishes work well – then allow nails to dry fully,” says manicurist Emily Nachshon.
“Then, instead of battling with a thick ‘in the bottle’ brush, pour a small amount of polish on to a plastic lid and apply with a thin nail art striping brush.”
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WHAT WE USED:
Kure Bazaar French Nude Nail Polish, £15 Jessica Prime 2017 Nail Polish Collection in Yellow, £11 Sally Hansen Color Therapy in Bamboost, £8.99 The Edge Nails Nail Art Long Bristle Striping Brush, £3.90 Pearl power
Stuart Francis Wow your friends on Instagram with this classic nail varnish
Pearlescent finishes used to be reserved for your gran, but they’re making a comeback in a big way. Not only do they dry quickly because of the pigments, but they hide any lumps and bumps so they’re a good option if you’ve recently ditched the falsies for an au naturel look.
“Pearl finishes can emphasise dry, chapped cuticles, so the key is to keep your nail beds looking super-healthy,” says Emily.
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“Cuticle oil is your BFF, and when it comes to application, more is more. I tell clients to keep a bottle by their bed, one on their desk at work, and one in their handbag and apply as many times as possible.”
Oil is not only great for dry or chapped skin around the bed, it’ll make your nails stronger, too.
WHAT WE USED:
CND SolarOil Cuticle Oil, £12.95 Mavala Nail Polish Blush Collection in Athens, £5.20 Spot on
Stuart Francis If hearts and line designs still feel a step too far for your wobbly hands then try simple multicoloured spots
The move away from full-on Monet designs to simple doodle-like drawings is set to continue as minimal nail art was seen all over S/S 18’s catwalks.
If hearts and line designs still feel a step too far for your wobbly hands then try simple multicoloured spots.
Emily says: “Using a dotting tool eliminates all the skill involved. Simply dab the rounded edge into the brush to pick up the polish and dot on to the nail.”
To really show off the design, keep the base colour neutral.
WHAT WE USED:
YSL La Laque Couture in 22 Beige, £20 Dior Vernis Lacquer in Dior Fever, £21 Orly Epix Flexible Colour in Put The Top Down, £15.90 Seventeen Gel Colour in Mint Bon Bon, £3.99 H&M Nail Polish in White, £3.99 Essential Nails Nail Dotting Tool, £2.50 Technicolor dreamboat
Stuart Francis Why not try rainbow nails inspired by My Little Pony
This season’s catwalks were awash with bold, punchy tips. So it’s time get colourful – why have one shade when you can wear five?
“Don’t get wrapped up in creating uniform stripes,” Emily advises.
“Go freehand and mix up the patterns.” Choose intense polishes that offer enough coverage in one coat to prevent the varnish looking too thick.
“It’s best to paint a stripe of each colour on all of the nails, allow to dry then paint the next shade, building up the pattern as you go. This will stop the colours bleeding.”
WHAT WE USED:
Barry M Nail Paint in Raspberry, £2.99 Nails Inc Gel Effect Nail Polish in Baker Street, £15 Kiko Nail Lacquer in Yellow, £1 Essie Spring 2018 in At The Helm, £7.99 OPI Lisbon 2018 Nail Polish Collection in Closer Than You Might Belem, £12.95 All that glitters
Stuart Francis Get ready for festival season with this simple glittery style
Who says glitter is just for Christmas? The sparse splattering of shimmer, as seen at Anna Sui, proves that the festivities can continue all the way through the year.
But you do need to keep it light and use sparingly to avoid a Christmas cracker finish.
“Never apply glitter directly to the nail. Not only will it be harder to remove, but it can cause damage to the top layer. To be safe I always apply two layers of base coat,” says Emily.
“This will protect the nail from the flecks and make removing it so much easier.”
Still struggling to get rid of those pesky sparkles?
Switch your cotton wool for a pair of old tights and voilà! Easy removal in an instant.
WHAT WE USED:
Butter London Nail Foundation Priming Basecoat, £15 Rimmel London Glitter Top Coat in Bling On The Glitter, £3.99
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