How to spot asthma symptoms, what are the causes of asthma attacks and what are the 2017 guidelines?

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AROUND 5.4 million people in the UK are currently receiving treatment for asthma.

But what are the symptoms and what causes asthma attacks? Here’s what you need to know.

Asthma is caused by inflammation of the breathing tubes that carry air to and from our lungs

Alamy 2 Asthma is caused by inflammation of the breathing tubes that carry air to and from our lungs

What are the symptoms of asthma and what causes asthma attacks?

Asthma is caused by inflammation of the breathing tubes that carry air to and from our lungs.

According to the NHS, the main symptoms of asthma are:

  • Wheezing (a whistling sound when breathing)
  • Breathlessness
  • A tight chest
  • Coughing

Treatment for asthma is based around two goals; relieving symptoms and preventing future attack

Canopy – Getty 2 Treatment for asthma is based around two goals; relieving symptoms and preventing future attack

Although the above symptoms can have a number of causes, they are likely signs of asthma if they happen regularly and keep coming back, are worse at night or early morning, or seem to be in response to an allergen.

The severity of the above symptoms can vary between different people.

When these symptoms suddenly worsen temporarily,  it is known as an asthma attack.

Asthma attacks can be caused by allergens, such as animal fur or pollen, cold air, exercise, chest infections or other irritants – such as cigarette smoke.

Is there treatment available for asthma?

While there are various treatments available for asthma, there is currently no cure.

Treatment is based around two goals; relieving symptoms and preventing future attacks.

Treatment involves taking occasional or daily medications – usually via an inhaler.




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