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Alfie Evans life support WILL be switched off as appeal is rejected – as judges express ‘alarm’ at protesters storming intensive care ward

ALFIE Evans’ distraught parents have been dealt the devastating blow his life support will be switched off as top judges rejected their appeal. The Court of Appeal agreed with Alder Hey speci…

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ALFIE Evans' distraught parents have been dealt the devastating blow his life support will be switched off as top judges rejected their appeal.

The Court of Appeal agreed with Alder Hey specialists that the terminally ill tot "could not be saved" and that it would be "unkind" and "futile" to continue treatment.

 Alfie Evans was born with a rare degenerative condition Alfie Evans was born with a rare degenerative condition

Alfie's parents Tom Evans, 21, and Kate James, 20, were fighting to take their son to a hospital in Rome and said they have a private jet and ambulance on standby.

They have already lost a challenge at the Court of Appeal and failed to have the decision overturned at the Supreme Court and European Court of Human Rights.

But the defiant parents mounted a new legal bid at the Court of Appeal as supporters flocked to Alder Hey in Liverpool to back them.

Lord Justice Davis, who is heading the three-strong panel of appeal judges, told lawyers that at the start of the hearing today that doctors had agreed that there was "no hope".

 Alfie's dad Tom Evans has vowed to take his son to Italy for treatmentGetty Images – Getty Alfie's dad Tom Evans has vowed to take his son to Italy for treatment  Parents Kate James and Tom Evans are fighting to keep their little boy Alfie Evans alive Parents Kate James and Tom Evans are fighting to keep their little boy Alfie Evans alive  Flanked by supporters, Alfie's dad Tom Evans shows his, Kate's and Alfie's passports, as he makes a bid to take his son abroad for treatment Flanked by supporters, Alfie's dad Tom Evans shows his, Kate's and Alfie's passports, as he makes a bid to take his son abroad for treatment

He said: "We cannot have a kind of legal 'Groundhog Day' where you come back again and again and again on the same point."

The court was also read a statement from Lord Justice Hayden’s previous ruling where he said: "The terrible reality was that almost the entirety of Alfie’s brain has been eroded, leaving only water and cerebral spinal fluid.

“Treatment is futile as experts both here and abroad agree. Alfie will never make any developmental progress. He has been treated in Alder Hey since 2015.”

It comes after Alder Hey pleaded with Alfie Evans protesters not to disturb staff and patients.

Staff claim noise from around 100 protesters has impacted on patients despite "Alfie's Army" urging supporters to be "respectful" to the hospital.

Alder Hey said in a statement: "Noise from recent protests has unfortunately affected our patients so we would ask that noise levels outside the hospital are kept to a minimum and, for example, car horns are not sounded.

"Loud noise affects sleep and raises anxiety levels for our patients especially when recovering from procedures, so please bear them in mind."

The hospital added it had beefed up security but said it "remains fully operational" with A&E open for emergency care.

 Alfie Evans protesters have been warned not to disrupt patients or staff at Alder HeyMercury Press Alfie Evans protesters have been warned not to disrupt patients or staff at Alder Hey  Supporters have been flocking to the hospital to back Alfie's parentsMercury Press Supporters have been flocking to the hospital to back Alfie's parents  Protesters pictured at the hospital todayMercury Press Protesters pictured at the hospital today

 

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What is a bar mitzvah, what does the term mean and what happens at the ceremony when a Jewish boy turns 13?

A BAR mitzvah is a right of passage for Jewish boys. Here’s the lowdown on the ancient coming of age ceremony. What is a bar mitzvah? In Judaism when a boy turns 13, he has all the rights and…

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A BAR mitzvah is a right of passage for Jewish boys.

Here's the lowdown on the ancient coming of age ceremony.

 Here's the lowdown on bar mitzvahsAlamy Here's the lowdown on bar mitzvahs

What is a bar mitzvah?

In Judaism when a boy turns 13, he has all the rights and obligations of a Jewish adult, including the commandments of the Torah.

From that date, he is expected to participate in synagogue services and take his place in the Jewish community.

This milestone is often celebrated with a ceremony in synagogue, tefillin wearing, and a party afterwards

The lad may be read from the Torah, lead services, deliver a speech or amongst other things to demonstrate his newfound manhood.

What does the term mean?

Bar mitzvah is Hebrew for “son of commandment.”

It is mentioned in the Talmud, which is the primary source of Jewish religious law.

The phrase in context translates to "an [agent] who is subject to the law" and in fact refers to the person, despite being the name used to refer to the ceremony.

What happens at the ceremony when a Jewish boy turns 13?

Bar mitzvah ceremonies vary somewhat between communities, but the basic components remain the same.

The boy will receive a tefillin which is a black leather box containing parchments inscribed with the Shema and other biblical passages.

He will read publically from the Torah in the synagogue in the traditional Hebrew.

The ceremony will then usually be followed by a party involving food, music and dancing.

It is also expected for the boy to give a speech at the do to mark his new status as a man.

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How to say Happy Passover in Yiddish and Hebrew and what’s the correct greeting to mark Pesach Sheni?

PASSOVER may have come to an end on April 7 but the second Passover, Pesach Sheni, is right around the corner on April 28. If you want to wish one of your Jewish friends a happy holiday, how do you…

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PASSOVER may have come to an end on April 7 but the second Passover, Pesach Sheni, is right around the corner on April 28.

If you want to wish one of your Jewish friends a happy holiday, how do you go about it? Here's the lowdown.

 Jews celebrate the Feast of Passover (Pesach in Hebrew) to commemorate the liberation of the Children of Israel who were led out of Egypt by MosesGetty Images – Getty Jews celebrate the Feast of Passover (Pesach in Hebrew) to commemorate the liberation of the Children of Israel who were led out of Egypt by Moses

How to say happy Passover in Hebrew and Yiddish

The most standard Hebrew greeting, which is acceptable during any Jewish festival, is "chag sameach".

Translated, "chag" means Jewish holiday, while "sameach" means happy – so it simply means "happy holiday".

Sameach is derived from the Hebrew word "simcha" which means celebration – a word often used by Jewish people at Barmitzvahs and Batmitzvah parties as well as weddings and other celebrations.

However, if you really want to impress your Jewish mates, you could throw in a couple more words and say: "Chag Pesach kasher vesame' ach", which means "have a happy and kosher Passover.

In Yiddish, the acceptable way to greet Jewish pals is "a koshern un freilichen Pesach".

But if this proves too much of a mouthful, you can go with "zissen Pesach", which means: "Have a sweet Passover."

What is Pesach Sheni and how is it celebrated?

Pesach Sheni, also known as the "second chance holiday" falls exactly one month after 14 Nisan, the day before Passover.

This year, this will begin on Saturday, April 28 and end on Sunday, April 29.

The date serves as a second opportunity for those who didn't bring an offering in the weeks before.

Just like the April festival, the Jewish calendar date is celebrated by the eating of matzah, in remembrance of the Passover offering.

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When is Ramadan 2018, when does the festival start and end and why do Muslims fast?

RAMADAN is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting to commemorate “the best of times”. It celebrates the first time the Quran was revealed to Muhammad, according to Islamic …

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RAMADAN is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting to commemorate "the best of times".

It celebrates the first time the Quran was revealed to Muhammad, according to Islamic belief – but what else do we know about the festival?

 A group of people observing Ramadan break fast togetherAP:Associated Press A group of people observing Ramadan break fast together

When is Ramadan 2018?

Ramadan in 2018 will begin in the evening of May 15, and will end in the evening of June 14.

The beginning and end are determined by the lunar Islamic calendar.

Hilal, the crescent, is usually a day or more after the astronomical new moon.

The "night of power" or "night of decree" is considered the holiest night of the year, as Muslims believe the first revelation of the Quran was sent down to Muhammad on this night.

It is thought to have occurred on an odd-numbered night during the last 10 days of Ramadan – the 21, 23, 25, 27 or 29th.

The holiday of Eid as-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan and the beginning of the next lunar month.

What happens during Ramadan?

The word Ramadan comes from the Arabic root ramiḍa or ar-ramaḍ, which means scorching heat or dryness.

Fasting is obligatory for adult Muslims, except those who are suffering from an illness, travelling, are elderly, pregnant, breastfeeding, diabetic, chronically ill or menstruating.

Muslims also engage in increased prayer and charity during Ramadan.

Ramadan is also a month where Muslims try to practice increased self-discipline.

As well as fasting – abstaining from eating and drinking – Muslims are encouraged to read the entire Quran throughout the month, before the holy festival of Eid-al-Fitr.

 People do not eat or drink during daylight hours as they observe RamadanReuters People do not eat or drink during daylight hours as they observe Ramadan

Why do Muslims fast during Ramadan?

Ramadan is seen as a time of spiritual reflection, improvement and increased devotion and worship.

Muslims are expected to put more effort into following the teachings of Islam and this includes fasting – which teaches people how to be more self-disciplined and have empathy for those less fortunate.

The pre-dawn meal before the fast is called the suhur, while the meal at sunset that breaks the fast is the iftar.

In addition to abstaining from eating and drinking, Muslims also increase restraint, such as abstaining from sexual relations.

The act of fasting is said to cleanse the soul by freeing it from worldly activities, in addition to abolition of past sins.

Dates usually break the fast at sundown, as is tradition.

After that the usual practice is to adjourn for prayer and then the main meal is served.

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